Framework : Physics and Biochemistry of Life
Life is defined as a negative entropic force that causes matter to aggregate. It explains numerous phenomenon (such as : leptogenesis, baryogenesis, asymmetric chirality of biomolecules, evolution of DNA, nucleosynthesis of iron , self assemble and replication of matter, and consciousness). The force controls storage and release of entropy, information transformation in crystal zones, and other mechanisms related to life's ability to sense, react, and transform energy. These processes appear to violate the second law of thermodynamics because they do not operate in a closed system.Early forms of life utilized high temperatures to provide the work required for aggregation of carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen, sulfur, and metal ion molecules into ProtoCells. The energy and time required for conversion can be evaluated using Shannon Entropy and the Jensen-Shannon divergence metrics. These evaluations provide mathematical biomarkers of stages in life's evolution.
Tranformative events in the evolution of life.I. BaryogenesisII. NucleogenesisIII. Atomic polymerizations (Hydrogen and Carbon)IV. Organic Chemistrya. Buckyballs and Graphene Sheetsb. Radioactive C-14 conversion to Nitrogen and the emergence of Amino Acids, Nucleic Acids, Carbohydrates, Quinones, and Lipidsc. Tholins, Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons, Polysulfides, Polyphosphates, and complex organic moleculesd. Role of Cosmic rays, Gamma Rays, and Ultraviolet Light in biochemical synthesis.V. Role of dark matter and dark energy.VI. Solar Systems and Galaxies from the viewpoint of an expanded Gaia HypothesisVII. Relationship between life and gravity.VII. Energy transformationsa. Beta decay energy conversionb. Photosynthesis (Gamma, Xray, UV, visual spectrum, and infrared )c. Oxidation/(electron capture) of Carbon, Iron, Molybdenum, Cobalt, Selenium, Hydrogen, Sulfur, Nitrogen, and other Elements.d. Capture of energy from gradients: ( ph gradients/H+/OH-), gravity , salinity (ionic), temperature, hydrohphobicity/hydrophillicity, electrical currents, magnetic fields, and strong nuclear force .VIII Self Assembly Mechanismsa. Rotating Magnetic Fields : New Structures Self-Assemble in Synchronized Dance
IX A scenario for the evolution of life on Earth.I. Creation of Primordial Hydrogen and evolution of higher atomic elements.II. Formation of Polymerized Hydrogen and Carbon in super strong magnetic fields.III. Polymerized hydrogen, Carbon Buckyballs, and Metal Ions grow and evolve from cosmic rays. This stage includes evolution of tholins, Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Graphenes, and Complex Organic MoleculesIV. Polyhydrogen complex information transfered to Polyphosphates, Polysaccharides, PolySulfides, Fatty Acids, Polyketides, Polyhydroxyalkenates, and Polypeptides.V. Transfer of Polyketide infomation to Pre-tRNAs that bind amino acids and synthesize polypetides in Coacervates . These precells contain amyloid-nucleic acid fibrils and are enclosed by lipid vesicles.VI Evolution of mRNA based Precells (proteinoids, chronocytes, and viruses). Conversion of pre-tRNAs to modern tRNA and development of the ribosome.VII Evolution of Poly DNA containing Eocytes from Chronocytes.References:The role of biomacromolecular crowding, ionic strength, and physicochemical gradients in the complexities of life's emergence.Computer simulation on the cooperation of functional molecules during the early stages of evolution.Phyllosilicate emission from protoplanetary disks: is the indirect detection of extrasolar water possible?Infrared spectroscopic characterization of organic matter associated with microbial bioalteration textures in basaltic glass.Episodic formation of cometary material in the outburst of a young Sun-like star. Systems of Creation: The Emergence of Life from Nonliving MatterA Paramagnetic Bonding Mechanism for Diatomics in Strong Magnetic Fields
T. Ryan Gregory Macroevolution, hierarchy theory, and the C-value enigma Paleobiology, 30(2), 2004, pp. 179–202Bruce Lieberman Paleobiogeography : Using Fossils to Study Global Change, Plate Tectonics, and Evolution (Topics in Geobiology, V. 16)Armen Y. Mulkidjanian, Andrew Yu. Bychkov, Daria V. Dibrova, Michael Y. Galperin, and Eugene V. Koonin Origin of first cells at terrestrial, anoxic geothermal fields
PNAS 2012 109 (14) E821–E830; published ahead of print February 13, 2012,Hameroff S (1998) Quantum computation in brain microtubules? The Penrose–
Hameroff ‘Orch OR’ model of consciousness. Phil Trans R Soc London Ser A 356:1869 –1896.Bernhardt HS. The RNA world hypothesis: the worst theory of the early evolution of life (except for all the others) Biol Direct. 2012 Jul 13;7:23. doi: 10.1186/1745-6150-7-23.Side Note:Understanding the origin and properties of coronal spheres/coronal cavities which emanate from coronal tornados could offer clue to understanding the physics of life. :I speculate that these "croissants" represent bubbles of polymerized hydrogen shells filled with ionized iron, oxygen and subatomic particles. They may have relevance to earliest forms of high energy based life. They also suggest the existence of a Natural Selective Force tied to CME's that is capable of altering our biosphere.©1994-2012 Foster P. Carr MD all rights reserved