15 May 2013 -PyroPhosphite energetics as an early bioenergy
Hydrothermal modification of the Sikhote-Alin iron meteorite
under low pH geothermal environments. A plausibly prebiotic
route to activated phosphorus on the early Earth
15 Apr 2013 -Poly Nucleotide based Life may be older than
the Earth. (9.5 Billion yo)
Law and the Origin of Life, MIT Technology Review
14 April 2013 - Controversy over recent discovery of Diatoms
in a Possible Meteorite
Schild, "Yes, Diatoms Have Been Found in the
21 March 2013 - A model for dark energy, dark matter, and
Plank reveals almost perfect picture of the Universe
5 March 2013 - 9-10
prebiotic terrestrial amino acids (Ala, Asp, Glu,
Gly,Pro, Ser, + essentials Ile, Leu, Thr, and Val ) and
at least 2 dipetides (Gly-Gly and Leu-Ala)
New Evidence That Comets Could Have Seeded Life On Earth
28 February 2013 - Early Organic Chemistry
DNA Ingredients And Amino Acids In Interstellar Space, Research
Reveals Icy Grains Of Dust As Origins Of Life Precursors
2013 10 Prebiotic Amino Acids (Ala, Asp, Glu,
Gly, Ile, Leu,
Pro, Ser, Thr, and Val ) suggest proteins
before RNA and a halophile origin of life.
Simplified protein design biased for prebiotic amino acids
yields a foldable, halophilic protein
1/11/2013 Pre Organic Chemistry
Astronomers Found Chemical Precursor to Life?- Hydroxylamine
in a Herbig Haro Object - same object previously shown
to contain phosphorus
Structure in Universe: Large Quasar Group Is 4 Billion
Light Years Across - A challenge to Einstein's cosmological
The world's oldest fossils: Researchers claim bacteria existed
on Earth before OXYGEN
Simon Cassasus et al. Flows of gas through a protoplanetary
gap Nature 1/2/2013
Lane, William F. Martin The Origin of Membrane Bioenergetics
Cell Volume 151, Issue 7, 1406-1416, 21 December 2012
New Form of Cell Division Found: Natural Back-Up Mechanism
During Faulty Cell Division
Rogier Braakman and Eric Smith The compositional and evolutionary
logic of metabolism 2013 Phys. Biol.
Sara Imari Walker and Paul C. W. Davies The algorithmic
origins of life J. R. Soc. Interface 2013 10
26 August 2012 Tryptophan and Cystein may have arrived late
into the genetic code.
Simplifying Genetic Codes to Look Back in Time
1 : The Physics and Biochemistry of Life
Life is defined as an aggregating (ie. negative entropic)
force. It is responsible for leptogenesis, baryogenesis,
biochemistry, and consciousness. It explains the synthesis
of atoms larger than iron as well as complex matter that
is able to replicate and self assemble . This definition
includes new physics related to the storage and control of
entropy, information transformation in crystal zones, and
other themes related to life's ability to sense, react, and
transform energy. It is a definition that is compatible with
the idea of a spirit .
A working model of life's origin and evolution.
I. Creation of Primordial Hydrogen and synthesisof
higher atomic elements.
II. Formation of Polymerized Hydrogen and
Carbon in super strong magnetic fields.
III. Polymerized hydrogen, Carbon Buckyballs,
and Metal Ions are transformed by cosmic rays. Tholins,
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons, Graphenes, and Complex
Organic Molecules Evolve. Pyrophosphite is the early bioenergetic
molecule that helped organize Protocells.
IV. ProtoCells Evolve . Information and
Energy transformed from Pyrophosphites to Polyphosphates,
Polysaccharides, PolySulfides, Fatty Acids,
Polyketides, Polycarboxyanions, Polyalkanates, and
V. Translation of Polyketide infomation
to Pre-tRNAs that bind amino acids and synthesize polypetides
in Coacervates . These precells contain amyloid-nucleic
acid fibrils and are enclosed by lipid vesicles.
VI Evolution of mRNA based Precells (proteinoids,
chronocytes, and viruses). Conversion of pre-tRNAs into
modern tRNA and development of the ribosome.
VII Evolution of Poly DNA based Eocytes
from RNA based Chronocytes.
VIII Evolution of Eocytes
and Viruses. Eocytes evolved into Archaea on
a hot protoEarth while Precells may have been present
on Theia . Worlds combined at the time of the Great Impact
4.5 Gya. The Late Heavy bombardments delivered Eocytes,
Precells and extinctions 3.8-3.95 Gya.
IX Eukaryotes evolved
from Archea-Eubacterial symbioses,
infectious speciation and natural selection.
: Cosmic Events Relevant to Life on Earth
Chapter 1. Our Milky
12.3 billion years ago from the merger of Dwarf Galaxies.
These mergers have impacted the evolution of life by
transfering cosmic life giving particles, effecting star
formation, and creating episodes of galactic jets and
Chapter 2. Our Solar System
Born in a Star
Burst Cluster within a Molecular Nebula 4.58 Gya.
Source matter contained Giant Molecular Hydrogen Clouds,
Planetary Nebulae, Supernova Remnants,
Pulsar Jets, Cosmic Rays, Gamma Ray Bursts, and Cosmic
Life Giving Forms.
Chapter 3. Comets and Minor planets
Formed in variable temperature, radiation, and pressure
zones. Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Worlds separate biomolecules.
Lipid worlds formed in cold atmospheres of Gas-Liquid-Solid
zones (ie Titan) and Water Worlds (ie. proto Earth) formed
in warm areas within the Solar System's Snow Line. Hadean
Earth provided periodic environments with gas, liquid,
and solid gradients.
I Hydrogen Sulfide and Carbon Monoxide-
Evolution of Anoxic Worlds
II Carbon Dioxide, Nitrogen - Carbon and
Nitrogen Fixation/Degradation Periods possibly preceeded
by astrophysically produced Cyanogen Chemistry.
III Phosphite - Pyrophosphite - Pyrophosphates
and Metal Ions Zinc, Copper, Vanadium and Iron-
of Nucleotide Information Based Life
electron transfer based bio-energy systems.
IV Magnesium (2.7 Ga) - Evolution of Oxygenic
V Iron Oxide - Prominent during the Iron
Banding Period associated with Hydrogen Sulfide based
VI Oxygen -- Prominent during the Great
Oxidation Event 2.4 Ga
VIII Uranium.- Current world focused on
Uranium based nuclear energy.
Life transferred between these zones and subzone periods
as Carbon based Crystals, Polymolecules , RNA based Chronocytes,
DNA based Eocytes, Cells, and Modern Humans. Cyclical periods
within these zones drove morphological evolution.
Nucleosides formed from Hydrogen Cyanide in a Nitrogen
World. Carbohyrdrates formed in a Boron World. Nitrogen
Worlds formed and contained Lipids, Chlorophyll, and Heme.
Whereas, Carboxylic Acids formed in Water Worlds. Collisions
of these Worlds helped create life as we know it today.
Chapter 4. The Earth and Moon
Proto Earth Accreted in Stages. Core , Mantle, and Crust
Forming stages occured over a 30 million year period. Ordinary
Chondrites suspected as the initial starting material that
condensed from the early solar nebula.
Moon Created by Great Impact Events 4.55 ,4.5, and 3.9
Billion years Ago. Late
Heavy Bombardments 3.80 Billion Years ago and subsequent impacts delivered
lipids, sugars, water, volatiles, precious metals,
and mobile genetic
between the Mineral , Liquid, Atmospheric and Biospheric
evolution on Earth that can be seen in the Birth and
Death of Genes responsible for cellular life.
3: Mechanistic Hierarchical Evolution
Chapter 1. Evolution
of chiral asymmetry in biomolecules, genetic code for protein
code for adaptive evolutionary changes, and promotor
codes for controlling gene expression.
Chapter 2. Genetic
Variation and natural
selection involving random
mutation, adaptive mutation, and symbiogenesis. Highlighting
ecosystemic, solar, galactic and extra- galactic factors.
Chapter 3 . Infectious speciation
genetic elements , prokaryotic
cells and eukaryotic
updated 5/06/2013 ©1994-2013 Foster P. Carr MD all